By Dr Qazi Arif
All over the world, terrorism is a big problem but in India one terrorist group is very active, working day and night.These terrorists are all around us every time; we ignore them, but they are waiting for a single chance.
It is said that ‘Terrorism has no religion’ , but they work as a unit. They are neither Muslims nor Hindus yet they are in a large number and many Indians help them to grow against their own people. Though some people do fight against them, but their efforts are restricted to themselves and their family only.
This terrorist group kills many people and affect so many people every single day.
Here I’m going to share their information, their locations, appearances, their activities and also strategies to eradicate them.
They work for different groups such as,
•malaria night riders,
•Japanese evils etc.
Yes, They are Mosquitoes.
○Buffalos kill 7 people every year.
○Lions kill 500 people every year.
○Spiders kill 5000 people every year.
○Scorpions kill 7000 people every year.
○Snakes kill 10000 people every year.
Mosquitoes kill 2.7 million people every year.
The smallest are the deadliest.
There are about 3,500 different mosquito species worldwide. However, not all of them bite humans.
■Major groups which are of health importance-
1. Anopheles Mosquito
Anopheles mosquitoes commonly bite at night and rest indoors and outdoors during the day.
Females are the activists.
Anopheles mosquitoes are transmitters of Malaria.
2. Culex Mosquitoes
Culex mosquitoes are transmitters of Japanese B Encephalitis, a very dangerous type of brain fever. They take a rest before and after blood meals and bite at night. They breed in polluted stagnant water, in India mostly in drains.
3. Aedes Mosquitoes
Unlike others, Aedes mosquitoes (tiger mosquitoes) are active during the day. They breed in clean water in artificial containers, such as flower pots, water accumulation in tyres and cans.
Aedes mosquitoes are responsible for Chikungunya and Dengue.
Though it is not well established how mosquitoes identify human beings, but it is supposed that
•Mosquitoes find hosts by detecting body heat and chemical signals
•Blood group O more than A and B
•Those who exhale more CO, e.g. pregnant.
○Al-zikas: This group works at the international level. Although its activists are present in India but they are yet to attack here. So while traveling overseas protect yourself and your family from Al-zikas with the help of repellents.
Aedes aegepty mosquitoes spread the zika virus through their bites. Thus causing fever, rash, joint and muscle pain, or red eyes. Often the symptoms are generalized discomfort lasting for several days to a week.
Infrequently, hospital admission is required, and deaths are rare. CDC (Anti terrorist squad for mosquitoes) has issued a travel notice for the people who are visiting to high alert zone for zika virus. As zika produces birth defects in babies born to women who were infected during pregnancy period with zika virus.
Considering these CDC has recommended followings precautions
•Pregnant women should not travel to any area where Zika virus is spreading.
•Pregnant women who must travel to one of these areas should talk to their doctor first and strictly follow steps to prevent mosquito bites.
•Women trying to become pregnant, and their male partners, should consult with their doctor before traveling to these areas and strictly follow the advices.
To date, there is no known vaccine to prevent or medication to treat the Zika virus infection.
Chikungunya spreads through the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which also causes dengue. Symptoms typically start four to eight days after being bitten.When a patient is infected with chikungunya virus it produces sudden onset of a high fever and joint pain. Other symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, or rash.
Infection with chikungunya virus is rarely fatal, but the joint pain can often be severe and debilitating.
It is said “Chikungunya is generally not fatal, but the painful symptoms have led people to say ‘It won’t kill you, but it may make you wish you were dead!’”
Most patients recover in about a week, although long-term joint pain occurs in some people.
They have repeatedly attacked in countries of Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Indian and Pacific Oceans. According to statistics in last 2yrs chikungunya has spread to 45 countries and almost 2 million cases have been reported.
Originally from Africa, chikungunya recurred in India after 32 years in 2006 with cases reported in India.
There is currently no vaccine or drug treatment.
Forty percent of the world’s population lives in an area which are at the threat of dengue. It is estimated that 390 million people per year are infected with the viruses.
Fearless Dengue transports the dangerous dengue virus which are of four types (dengue virus 1, 2, 3, or 4), and it is possible for someone to get dengue up to four times from 4 different types of viruses. Dengue is a leading cause of illness and death in the tropics and subtropics. Most people infected with dengue have mild or no symptoms.
25% people who are infected with dengue will develop some symptoms of disease. Mild symptoms of infection begin with a fever and severe headache, pain behind the eyes, joint and muscle pain, and rash. There can be dengue haemorrhagic shock and multi-organ failure.
Dengue symptoms can quickly become severe and even fatal. Early recognition of severe disease and prompt treatment is the key.
○Malaria night riders:
Malaria is a life-threatening disease. It’s typically transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Malaria infection caused by four different species of a parasite Plasmodium (P) — P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. vivax, and P. ovale. Of these, P falciparum infection is the deadliest as it affects the brain and is most likely to cause death.
Malaria is typically found in tropical and subtropical climates as it is favourable for parasites. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that about 3.2 billion people are at risk of malaria.
Common symptoms of malaria include:shaking chills, high fever, profuse sweating, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. Other symptomes includes anemia, muscle pain, convulsions and coma.
○Japanese evils and filariasis gang are other groups for them government has made different programms to control them.
■Let me tell you how to protect yourself and eradicate theses terrorists
In India, No matter what ever the weather is, there are always mosquitoes around.
They are practically every where in India. The main reason is mismanagement of open spaces and collection and stagnation of water thus creating a breeding area for mosquitoes.
•Before coming to India many tourist prefer to get anti malaria vaccine. This is a smart move.
The solution to mosquitoes that is available in India is simple and yet very effective.
1. Make a shield around you
•Cover-up with a loose, light colored, long sleeved shirts and pants. If possible wear socks.
•Apply mosquito repellent to exposed skin. Avoid putting near eyes and mouth,or over cuts or broken skin.
•Use mosquito nets
• Stop adult mosquitoes entering the home by using screens on windows and doors.
2. Locate their breeding sites and eradicate them
•Potential mosquito breeding sites around the home should be removed.
•Mosquitoes need water to breed and some mosquitoes can breed in very small amounts of water.
•Clean up backyard and remove all water-holding things including tires and containers
•Fill pot plant bases with sand to avoid standing water
•Keep drains and roof guttering clear and running to avoid stagnation of water.
•Add few drops of mineral oil (crude oil, kerosene oil, diesel, fuel oil) to the stagnant water. It kills larvas of mosquitoes.
•Properly cleaned and chlorinated swimming pools or other water tanks are rarely a source of mosquito breeding but neglected pools can be a source of mosquitoes.
●Introduce mosquito fish (Gambusia affinis) or guppies into garden ponds to eat mosquito larvae.
3. Take extra precaution when you are travelling to high risk area
•Take all the above mentioned protections, in addition to that.
•Stay and sleep in clean air-conditioned rooms which are screened.
•Use a bed net. Nets are most effective when they are treated with a pyrethroid insecticide, such as permethrin. Purchase it before travelling.
4. Instruction for children
•Use according to directions on the repellent. Some products are not safe for kids. Always check the product label for recommended age use.
Never allow young children to apply their own repellent.
5. Pregnancy and breast feeding
Mosquito repellents are considered safe and should be used according to product label instructions
6. Use appropriate insecticides
Aerosol insecticide sprays, mosquito coils (good for outdoors) and vapourising mats (good for indoors) are effective to repel mosquitoes.
These products should be used in addition to, not in place of, other measures such as appropriate clothing and skin repellents.
7. Devices that use light to attract and electrocute insects have not been proven to be effective against mosquito.
8. Take extra care during peak mosquito biting hours especially around dawn and dusk to reduce the risk of infection. The mosquitoes that transmit diseases such as dengue, chikungunya, Zika will bite all through the day. The mosquitoes that transmit malaria are most active at dawn and dusk, and into the evening.
9. Mosquito-repelling smartphone apps sound too good to be true, there is no evidence that the ultrasonic frequencies they emit will actually repel the mosquitoes.
If we all work together to fight against them, we can make safe and healthy India.
**For international readers my advice is don’t worry about mosquitoes when you travel to India. Just follow the advice mentioned and have safe stay.
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